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VOA慢速超碰97资源站--就要操面临濒危的11处历史景点

时间:2018-06-30 23:59来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]
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America's 11 Most 'Endangered' Places

Route 66, a town square in Colorado, and hurricane-damaged sites in the Caribbean are among America’s most “endangered” historic places.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation1 recently released its endangered list for 2018. The list includes architectural and cultural sites the non-profit group considers at risk from development or lack of care.

Places named on the list sometimes end up receiving greater support and money for repairs. But other times, a listing can lead to debates about public spending. Saving historic places is costly2. Officials and the public may feel that developing the area would bring much-needed modernization3 or economic growth.

The National Trust has identified nearly 300 endangered historic places since 1988. Fewer than five percent of those listed have been lost, the group says.

Here are the 11 sites identified in the latest endangered places list:

Route 66

Route 66 represents America’s love of the open road. American lawmakers have taken a first step to protect the road by proposing it be named a National Historic Trail.

The move would bring “recognition and economic development” to historic sites along Route 66. But first the U.S. Senate must pass legislation and the president must sign it by the end of 2018. If the measure does not pass, the National Trust warns “a vital preservation opportunity may be lost.”

Larimer Square

The Trust says Larimer Square is the most historic part of Denver, Colorado. It also was the city’s first business center. The area has for years been considered a good example of how to “revitalize neighborhoods through preservation,” the group adds. However, development proposals and building projects threaten the famous square.

Hurricane-damaged sites in the Caribbean

The 2017 hurricane season brought death and destruction to the Caribbean, including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin4 Islands.

The storms also badly damaged many historic and cultural areas. The 2018 hurricane season has already begun, and the damage remains5. The Trust says these sites are further threatened because of “limited materials, financing and preservation expertise6.”

Walkout Schools of Los Angeles

The Walkout Schools in Los Angeles were central to the 1968 East L.A. Chicano Student Walkouts. The protests were part of the nationwide Chicano, or Mexican American, Civil Rights Movement. The five middle- and high schools are physical “representations of the power of student activism,” the Trust says. But it warns they are under threat. School district officials are calling for their demolition7.

City Dock Area in Annapolis, Maryland

The city of Annapolis, Maryland, sits on the Chesapeake Bay. Annapolis is the state capital and home to the U.S. Naval8 Academy. Its City Dock area is one of the most historic spaces among U.S. cities. However, a proposal to change rules on land use threatens the city’s quality of life, tourism economy and views of the Chesapeake, the National Trust says.

Ashley River Historic District

The Ashley River Historic District is in the South Carolina Lowcountry, near the city of Charleston. The Ashley and nearby rivers were important for early settlers and transportation in the Lowcountry. The historic district includes sites connected to the area’s rice-growing culture and timber industry of the late 19th century. The National Trust says the area is threatened by a proposal that would lead to changes and “intensive development...that could damage the historic landscape.”

Ship on the Desert

The Wallace E. Pratt house, also known as the Ship on the Desert, sits within the Guadalupe Mountains National Park in Texas. The house was the home of scientist Wallace Pratt. It was built in the modern “International Style” of architecture that rose to popularity beginning in the 1920s. In the past, the National Park Service gave tours of the property and let its workers stay there. Today, the home is closed to the public and badly in need of repairs.

Mary and Eliza Freeman Houses

The Mary and Eliza Freeman Houses are said to be the oldest houses built by African Americans in the state of Connecticut. They are the final remaining structures of the “Little Liberia” community of free people of color in the North, before America’s Civil War. The National Trust says the houses have been empty for many years and need extensive repairs.

Dr. Susan LaFlesche Picotte Memorial Hospital

The Susan LaFlesche Picotte Memorial Hospital in Nebraska is named after the first Native American to receive permission to practice medicine in the U.S. It is believed to be the first medical center built for on Indian land without federal money. Today the hospital is empty. And the National Trust says it faces an unsure future.

Isaiah T. Montgomery House

Mound9 Bayou, in the Mississippi River Delta10, was one of the first all-black towns in post-Civil War America. A former slave, Isaiah T. Montgomery, set up the town. His home still stands today. But it is said to be in great need of repair work to prevent it from collapsing11.

Mount Vernon

The Trust also notes a proposal to build a gas processing station close to Piscataway Park. The park sits on the Maryland side of the Potomac River, across from Mount Vernon, the home of George Washington, America’s first president. The project would affect the famous view from Mount Vernon and surrounding land.

I'm Ashley Thompson.

And I'm Caty Weaver12.

Words in This Story

preservation - n. the act of keeping something in its original state or in good condition

architectural - adj?. relating to the art or science of designing and creating buildings?

site - n. ?a place where something important has happened

vital - adj. ?extremely important

opportunity - n. ? an amount of time or a situation in which something can be done

revitalize - v. to make (someone or something) active, healthy, or energetic again

view - n. the things that can be seen from a particular place

demolition - n. planned destruction of a building or other structure

tourism - n. ?the activity of traveling to a place for pleasure

timber - n. ?trees that are grown in order to produce wood

style - n. ?a particular way in which something is done, created, or performed

practice - v. ?to do (something) regularly or constantly as an ordinary part of your life


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 preservation glnzYU     
n.保护,维护,保存,保留,保持
参考例句:
  • The police are responsible for the preservation of law and order.警察负责维持法律与秩序。
  • The picture is in an excellent state of preservation.这幅画保存得极为完好。
2 costly 7zXxh     
adj.昂贵的,价值高的,豪华的
参考例句:
  • It must be very costly to keep up a house like this.维修这么一幢房子一定很昂贵。
  • This dictionary is very useful,only it is a bit costly.这本词典很有用,左不过贵了些。
3 modernization nEyxp     
n.现代化,现代化的事物
参考例句:
  • This will help us achieve modernization.这有助于我们实现现代化。
  • The Chinese people are sure to realize the modernization of their country.中国人民必将实现国家现代化。
4 virgin phPwj     
n.处女,未婚女子;adj.未经使用的;未经开发的
参考例句:
  • Have you ever been to a virgin forest?你去过原始森林吗?
  • There are vast expanses of virgin land in the remote regions.在边远地区有大片大片未开垦的土地。
5 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
6 expertise fmTx0     
n.专门知识(或技能等),专长
参考例句:
  • We were amazed at his expertise on the ski slopes.他斜坡滑雪的技能使我们赞叹不已。
  • You really have the technical expertise in a new breakthrough.让你真正在专业技术上有一个全新的突破。
7 demolition omezd     
n.破坏,毁坏,毁坏之遗迹
参考例句:
  • The church has been threatened with demolition for years. 这座教堂多年来一直面临拆毀的威胁。
  • The project required the total demolition of the old bridge. 该项目要求将老桥完全拆毁。
8 naval h1lyU     
adj.海军的,军舰的,船的
参考例句:
  • He took part in a great naval battle.他参加了一次大海战。
  • The harbour is an important naval base.该港是一个重要的海军基地。
9 mound unCzhy     
n.土墩,堤,小山;v.筑堤,用土堆防卫
参考例句:
  • The explorers climbed a mound to survey the land around them.勘探者爬上土丘去勘测周围的土地。
  • The mound can be used as our screen.这个土丘可做我们的掩蔽物。
10 delta gxvxZ     
n.(流的)角洲
参考例句:
  • He has been to the delta of the Nile.他曾去过尼罗河三角洲。
  • The Nile divides at its mouth and forms a delta.尼罗河在河口分岔,形成了一个三角洲。
11 collapsing 6becc10b3eacfd79485e188c6ac90cb2     
压扁[平],毁坏,断裂
参考例句:
  • Rescuers used props to stop the roof of the tunnel collapsing. 救援人员用支柱防止隧道顶塌陷。
  • The rocks were folded by collapsing into the center of the trough. 岩石由于坍陷进入凹槽的中心而发生褶皱。
12 weaver LgWwd     
n.织布工;编织者
参考例句:
  • She was a fast weaver and the cloth was very good.她织布织得很快,而且布的质量很好。
  • The eager weaver did not notice my confusion.热心的纺织工人没有注意到我的狼狈相。
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